高考英语写作常考的四种应用文文体


频道:教学资源 来源:苏州家教联盟网 点击:405 日期:2017-4-2

笔者纵观近五年的全国高考英语试题河南卷,英语写作部分全部为应用文体,分别是感谢信、道歉信、申请信和通知,现分别举例逐一介绍,希望对各位英语学习者有所帮助。 
  一、感谢信 
  假设你是李华,梁教授去年六月推荐你去悉尼大学深造,现在你已经被悉尼大学化学学院录取,请写封信向梁教授表示感谢。 
  Dear Professor Liang, 
  I am writing to extend my gratitude to you because with your help I am now a student of Chemistry Department of Sydney University. 
  Last June, when I applied to become a graduate student of Sydney University, you really gave me a lot of valuable help. You not only wrote a recommendation for me to Professor Wells who works in the Sydney University but also gave me careful and patient instructions on how to fill the application forms and write the application letters. 
  It is your unreserved help that enables me to obtain this splendid opportunity of further education. For the following two years I will study hard to reciprocate(回報)your sincere help and expectations with excellent grades. 
  Yours truly, 
  Zhang Ying 
  【分析】 
  感谢信三要素:1.提出感谢;2.感谢原因(别人做了什么事让你感谢);3.如何回报(好好学习,继续努力等)。 
  【优秀句式】 
  I am writing to extend my gratitude to you because... 
  二、道歉信 
  假设你是李华,你承诺要参加你朋友Sarah的生日宴会,但是今天早上你的弟弟突然生病,被送往医院,因此你给买了一个小礼物送给Sarah,表示你的歉意。 
  Dear Sarah, 
  I am terribly sorry to tell you that I am unable to attend your birthday party next Thursday evening. That is owing to(因为) the fact that (同位语从句)my younger brother suddenly fell ill and was taken to a hospital this morning. I have to go there immediately and take care of him. As told by the doctor in charge, it will take around five days for him to recover and I have asked my boss for a leave. 
  I really regret that I cannot go to celebrate your birthday personally and would miss the perfect chance of enjoying myself with all our old friends. I have chosen a small gift for you and will send it to you tomorrow to show my best wishes. Besides, please give my regards to our friends when you meet them at the party. 
  Sincerely 
  Li Hua 
  【分析】 
  道歉信四要素:1.开篇点题,就事道歉;2.道歉原因;3.补救方式;4.希望再次得到原谅。 
  【优秀句式】 
  I am terribly sorry to tell you... 
  三、申请信 
  假定你是李华,将于今年七月从新星外语学校毕业。你从报纸上得知B & B公司要招聘一名英文秘书,你很感兴趣,要写一封求职信。 
  Dear Sir/ Madam, 
  I learned from the newspaper that your company needs an English secretary. I’m really interested in this position so I am writing to apply for it. 
  I’m18 years old and will graduate from Xinxing Foreign Languages School this July. I’m an excellent student, among the top 5 in my class of 50 students. I’m good at English, especially spoken English. I often use the computer and I type very fast. In my spare time, I read a lot. Poems are my favorite. I enjoy music very much too. Being an active young person, I like sports and outdoor activities. Besides, I’m easy to get along with and I like to make friends

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